The World Bank - Water and Sanitation Program commissioned this study to examine global trends in FSM using 12 city case studies as a basis. The objective was to start developing an analysis that can be used to assess FSM at the city level and identify appropriate operational interventions. This desk-based study was a rapid assessment based on secondary data sources supplemented with interviews with key informants. The report is comprised of five sections and annexures:

Section 1 introduces the report and provides the background as to why fecal sludge management is important.
Section 2 describes the study tools and methods used.
Section 3 looks at the results or key findings of the research.
Section 4 includes a discussion of how the findings can be used at the operational level to inform policy and recommendations on how to address critical knowledge gaps.
Finally, section 5 presents the conclusions drawn from the research.
Annexure 1 includes short case studies on each of the 12 cities and a matrix of the data used to develop the SDF: Santa Cruz, Bolívia; Tegucigalpa, Honduras; Managua, Nicaragua; Maputo, Moçambique; Dakar, Senegal; Kampala, Uganda; Dhaka, Bangladesh; Delhi, India; Phonm Penh, Cambodia; Palu, Indonesia; Dumaguete and Manila, Philippines.


Preview Image SFD

  download at

Peal, A. et al.

Published in: 2015

Pages: 105

World Bank - Water and Sanitation Program

  • SFD PI Update 7

    Live Q&A, training events, reports, publications... - Check out the latest developments of the SFD Promotion Initiative on the SuSanA Forum

  • New SFD Report available from Patna, India

    Check out how the city of Patna, located at the Southern banks of river Ganga, manages its sanitation!

    Read its new SFD Report!

  • New SFD Report available from Tikapur, Nepal

    Find out more on the sanitation practices in Tikapur:

    98% on-site sanitation technologies (pit latrines, septic tanks, biogas digesters)

    2%  open defecation

  • Material of the Question & Answer session available

    Any questions about SFDs? Watch our recent Q&A session about SFDs 

    1. Presentation: The SFD Manual - a guide to content and process

    2. Presentation: The SFD Review Procedure

    3. Presentation: The SFD Helpdesk

  • Presentations about SFDs in Africa and Indonesia

    Watch the presentation with voice on SFDs in Africa and Indonesia

    1. SFDs in Africa: From Visualization to Action

    2. How the Government of Indonesia is using the SFD

  latest news