Dar es Salaam lies on the coast of the Indian Ocean and is the largest city and economic hub of Tanzania (DCC, 2004). The 2015 population is estimated to have reached more than 5 million inhabitants (NBS,2013). In Dar es Salaam, it was estimated that 43% of excreta is managed safely while 57% of the excreta ends up directly in the environment without adequate treatment.
This Shit Flow Diagram (SFD) Report was created through field-based research by Sandec (the Department of Sanitation, Water and Solid Waste for Development) at Eawag (the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology as part of the SFD Promotion Initiative.
Date of production: 03/09/2015
Last update: 26/10/2015
Keywords Tanzania's National Water Sector Development, excreta disposal, sewers, sanitation, faecal sludge management
Author(s) Brandes, K. et al.
Published in: 2015
Publisher Eawag/Sandec The Department of Sanitation, Water and Solid Waste for Development (Sandec) at the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (Eawag)
Watch the presentation with voice on SFDs in Africa and Indonesia
1. SFDs in Africa: From Visualization to Action
2. How the Government of Indonesia is using the SFD
Where are you standing in the SFD process?
We would like to offer you extra support, so you can either start preparing or complete your SFD and have it ready to be used for your purpose.
Submit your SFD until December, 15th 2017!
Watch the video (full version) on how the SFD was introduced in Indonesia and why the Indonesian government sees it as a useful tool to improve urban sanitation!
You can now download SFD offline Graphic Generators for Windows and Mac.
Check out the latest developments of SFD Promotion Initiative on the SuSanA Forum