Nonthaburi City Municipality is the principal city of Nonthaburi province, located to the north of Bangkok. It has a registered population of 256,457 in the area of 38.9 km2 (NCM 2015a). Most of the houses have onsite sanitation systems such as septic tanks or cesspools. The city municipality is responsible for the collection, transportation and treatment of the generated faecal sludge according with the Public Health Act 1992; resulting in 79% of excreta flow safely managed.
The Shit Flow Diagram (SFD) was created through desk-based research by Sandec (Sanitation, Water and Solid Waste for Development) of Eawag (the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology) with the support of the Kyoto University, Japan, the Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand and the Mahidol University, Thailand.
Date of production: 11/11/2015
Last update: 16/12/2015
Keywords SFD, Nonthaburi, Thailand, faecal sludge, wastewater, septic tank, groundwater pollution, open drain, bio-fertilizer plant
Author(s) Harada, H., Schoebitz, L., Strande, L.
Published in: 2015
Publisher Eawag/Sandec The Department of Sanitation, Water and Solid Waste for Development (Sandec) at the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (Eawag)
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98% on-site sanitation technologies (pit latrines, septic tanks, biogas digesters)
2% open defecation
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