Bahir Dar is a city located northwest Ethiopia with a tropical savannah climate. According to the Town Administration, the population is 318,429 people, where 85% live in the urban and 15% in the peri-urban and rural areas of the city (data from 2012). Economic activities include an expanding textile industry as well as rapidly growing agro-industries. The potential for tourism and real estate development is great in the city due to its naturally attractive environment. Groundwater from the nearby well-field and springs are the main source of drinking water of the city. Lake Tana is used for dumping industrial and municipal waste from Bahir Dar city and its surrounding settlements. The city of Bahir Bar has no solid or liquid waste treatment plant to treat any waste, all waste streams end up in an open field with no treatment at all. The municipality is currently in charge of faecal sludge management in the city. Both the municipality and the private sector provide emptying services to customers but there is a lack of monitoring of service standards. All solid wastes, including faecal sludge, are unsafely disposed of in an open field in the outskirts of the city with no treatment at all.
Author(s) Veses, O., et al.
Published in: 2016
Publisher University of Leeds
Live Q&A, training events, reports, publications... - Check out the latest developments of the SFD Promotion Initiative on the SuSanA Forum
Check out how the city of Patna, located at the Southern banks of river Ganga, manages its sanitation!
Read its new SFD Report!
Find out more on the sanitation practices in Tikapur:
98% on-site sanitation technologies (pit latrines, septic tanks, biogas digesters)
2% open defecation
Any questions about SFDs? Watch our recent Q&A session about SFDs
1. Presentation: The SFD Manual - a guide to content and process
2. Presentation: The SFD Review Procedure
3. Presentation: The SFD Helpdesk
Watch the presentation with voice on SFDs in Africa and Indonesia
1. SFDs in Africa: From Visualization to Action
2. How the Government of Indonesia is using the SFD