Dar es Salaam lies on the coast of the Indian Ocean and is the largest city and economic hub of Tanzania (DCC, 2004). The 2015 population is estimated to have reached more than 5 million inhabitants (NBS,2013). In Dar es Salaam, it was estimated that 43% of excreta is managed safely while 57% of the excreta ends up directly in the environment without adequate treatment.
This Shit Flow Diagram (SFD) Report was created through field-based research by Sandec (the Department of Sanitation, Water and Solid Waste for Development) at Eawag (the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology as part of the SFD Promotion Initiative.
Date of production: 03/09/2015
Last update: 26/10/2015
Keywords Tanzania's National Water Sector Development, excreta disposal, sewers, sanitation, faecal sludge management
Author(s) Brandes, K. et al.
Published in: 2015
Publisher Eawag/Sandec The Department of Sanitation, Water and Solid Waste for Development (Sandec) at the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (Eawag)
The Centre for Science and Environment is launching an online course on the preparation of Shit Flow Diagrams (SFDs). You can find out more on their website and apply by June 10th.
Live Q&A, training events, reports, publications... - Check out the latest developments of the SFD Promotion Initiative on the SuSanA Forum
Check out how the city of Patna, located at the Southern banks of river Ganga, manages its sanitation!
Read its new SFD Report!
Find out more on the sanitation practices in Tikapur:
98% on-site sanitation technologies (pit latrines, septic tanks, biogas digesters)
2% open defecation
Any questions about SFDs? Watch our recent Q&A session about SFDs
1. Presentation: The SFD Manual - a guide to content and process
2. Presentation: The SFD Review Procedure
3. Presentation: The SFD Helpdesk