Before getting started, it is helpful to get a general overview on what kind of data and information is needed in order to generate SFD Graphics and Report. Below is a short list of things to consider. 

Data collection

A good method to get a first overview on the sanitation sector in your city is to skim through reports from different stakeholders such as the city administration (e.g. yearly status report, investment overview), the utility (e.g. report to the city administration), NGOs (e.g. project reports) or the national government (e.g. census data, comparison of city performance). Some guiding questions are provided in the SFD Manual - Volume 1, in section 5 -  ‘Producing the SFD: Sanitation service chain analysis’. Annexes 1, 2, 3 and 4 will provide you detailed information on key data collection methods used for preparing an SFD: literature review of secondary data sources, Key Informant Interviews and Focus Group Discussions. 

Stakeholder Engagement

Engaging with stakeholders is key for the success of a credible SFD. There is a wide range of stakeholders concerned with urban sanitation and it is important to know with whom to engage with at each stage of the process. These aspects are outlined in section 7 of the SFD Manual – Volume 1 – ‘Stakeholder engagement’. Some methods of data collection include (but are not limited to) literature reviews (secondary data reviews), key informant interviews, observations and focus group discussions and for each method of data collection, a different type of stakeholder engagement is required. Key Informant Interviews (KIIs), for instance, work as a means of gaining acceptance and support during a study, as well as to better understand the local context. These can be conducted remotely, through mail or telephone or in person. Information gained through literature review can often be confirmed or updated though engaging with key stakeholders.  The section also provides an initial list of possible stakeholders to engage with; e.g.- city council; municipality; utility; government departments; service providers (public and / or private; formal and /or informal) and civil society organisations.

  • Online course by CSE in July 2018

    The Centre for Science and Environment is launching an online course on the preparation of Shit Flow Diagrams (SFDs). You can find out more on their website and apply by June 10th.

  • SFD PI Update 7

    Live Q&A, training events, reports, publications... - Check out the latest developments of the SFD Promotion Initiative on the SuSanA Forum

  • New SFD Report available from Patna, India

    Check out how the city of Patna, located at the Southern banks of river Ganga, manages its sanitation!

    Read its new SFD Report!

  • New SFD Report available from Tikapur, Nepal

    Find out more on the sanitation practices in Tikapur:

    98% on-site sanitation technologies (pit latrines, septic tanks, biogas digesters)

    2%  open defecation

  • Material of the Question & Answer session available

    Any questions about SFDs? Watch our recent Q&A session about SFDs 

    1. Presentation: The SFD Manual - a guide to content and process

    2. Presentation: The SFD Review Procedure

    3. Presentation: The SFD Helpdesk

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