Excerpt from the report 'A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities’ by The World Bank - Water and Sanitation Program. The full report examines global trends in FSM using 12 city case studies as a basis. The objective of review was to the assess the state of FSM at the city level and to start identifying operational tools and areas requiring intervention. This rapid desk-based study was based on secondary data sources supplemented with interviews with key informants. An important output of this study is the development of Fecal Waste Flow Diagrams (SFDs) a tool to access the containment of excreta flows thought the service chain in cities.


Preview Image SFD

  download at susana.org

Peal, A. et al.

Published in: 2015

Pages: 6

World Bank - Water and Sanitation Program

  • How to prepare a SFD or a Shit Flow Diagram?

    Watch the video on how to prepare an SFD.

  • SFD Offline Graphic Generator

    You can now download SFD offline Graphic Generators for Windows and Mac.

  • SFD PI Update 5

    Check out the latest developments of SFD Promotion Initiative on the SuSanA Forum

  • SFD Manual - Volume 1 and 2 (version 2.0)

    SFD Manual (version 2.0) along with offline Graphic Generator now available.

  • SFD FAQ now available

    Check out the frequently asked questions on SFDs.

  latest news