Khulna is located in the south-western part of Bangladesh, with a population of 1.5 million and a total area of 46 km2. Its National policy and strategy documents encourage both NGOs and the private sector to actively engage in providing sanitation services. However, the SFD assessment has shown that 100% of the excreta in Khulna is not contained and therefore unsafely managed.
The Shit Flow Diagram (SFD) was created through field-based research by Sandec (Sanitation, Water and Solid Waste for
Development) of Eawag (the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology) with the support of SNV Netherlands Development Organisation, Khulna University of Engineering and Technology (KUET) and Khulna University.
Date of production: 11/11/2015
Last update: 17/12/2015
Keywords SFD, Khulna, Bangladesh, Sandec, Eawag, open drains, hanging latrines, water bodies, direct discharge, KCC
Author(s) Gunawan, A., Schoebitz, L., Strande, L.
Published in: 2015
Publisher Eawag/Sandec The Department of Sanitation, Water and Solid Waste for Development (Sandec) at the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (Eawag)
Watch the presentation with voice on SFDs in Africa and Indonesia
1. SFDs in Africa: From Visualization to Action
2. How the Government of Indonesia is using the SFD
Where are you standing in the SFD process?
We would like to offer you extra support, so you can either start preparing or complete your SFD and have it ready to be used for your purpose.
Submit your SFD until December, 15th 2017!
Watch the video (full version) on how the SFD was introduced in Indonesia and why the Indonesian government sees it as a useful tool to improve urban sanitation!
You can now download SFD offline Graphic Generators for Windows and Mac.
Check out the latest developments of SFD Promotion Initiative on the SuSanA Forum