Khulna is located in the south-western part of Bangladesh, with a population of 1.5 million and a total area of 46 km2. Its National policy and strategy documents encourage both NGOs and the private sector to actively engage in providing sanitation services. However, the SFD assessment has shown that 100% of the excreta in Khulna is not contained and therefore unsafely managed.

The Shit Flow Diagram (SFD) was created through field-based research by Sandec (Sanitation, Water and Solid Waste for
Development) of Eawag (the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology) with the support of SNV Netherlands Development Organisation, Khulna University of Engineering and Technology (KUET) and Khulna University.

Date of production: 11/11/2015
Last update: 17/12/2015


Keywords
SFD, Khulna, Bangladesh, Sandec, Eawag, open drains, hanging latrines, water bodies, direct discharge, KCC

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Author(s)
Gunawan, A., Schoebitz, L., Strande, L.


Published in: 2015

Pages: 58


Publisher
Eawag/Sandec The Department of Sanitation, Water and Solid Waste for Development (Sandec) at the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (Eawag)

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