Sixty-four percent of Bikaner¬ís city (population of 644,406 people) depends on offsite systems, 31% depends on onsite sanitation systems (OSS), mainly septic tanks, while 5% of population practices open defecation. The city has three Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs) where 41% of the waste water is treated but there are not treatment facilities for septage. One private emptier is responsible for septage management, providing services within the city and some rural areas nearby.
Date of production: 01/08/2015
Last update: 26/01/2016
Keywords SFD, Bikaner, India, sanitation, NUSP, National Urban Sanitation, sludge management
Author(s) Rohilla, S. et al.
Published in: 2016
Publisher Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), New Delhi, India