Santa Cruz de la Serria Metropolitan Area (SCMA) is the second largest urban area in Bolivia. It is a major economic centre in Bolivia. There are approximately 1.9 million inhabitants in SCMA. The city is considered to be one of the fastest growing cities in the world. Santa Cruz is located in eastern Bolivia on the Pirai Riva at an altitude of 416 m above sea level. SCMA has a tropical savanna climate, with an average annual temperature around 23°C. 49% of the populations’ excreta discharge directly to sewers. Of this, only 80% (or 39% of the populations’ excreta) is considered to reach a wastewater treatment plant due to leakage from the sewers. A total of 30% of all wastewater is considered as treated. 46% of the population are reliant on onsite sanitation systems, with a majority using septic tanks connected to a soak pit (35%). 5% of the population have no access to sanitation systems and practice open defecation.

Santa Cruz; Bolivia; SFD; report

Preview Image SFD

  download at

Furlong, C.

Published in: 2016

Pages: 22

Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

  • SFD PI Update 7

    Live Q&A, training events, reports, publications... - Check out the latest developments of the SFD Promotion Initiative on the SuSanA Forum

  • New SFD Report available from Patna, India

    Check out how the city of Patna, located at the Southern banks of river Ganga, manages its sanitation!

    Read its new SFD Report!

  • New SFD Report available from Tikapur, Nepal

    Find out more on the sanitation practices in Tikapur:

    98% on-site sanitation technologies (pit latrines, septic tanks, biogas digesters)

    2%  open defecation

  • Material of the Question & Answer session available

    Any questions about SFDs? Watch our recent Q&A session about SFDs 

    1. Presentation: The SFD Manual - a guide to content and process

    2. Presentation: The SFD Review Procedure

    3. Presentation: The SFD Helpdesk

  • Presentations about SFDs in Africa and Indonesia

    Watch the presentation with voice on SFDs in Africa and Indonesia

    1. SFDs in Africa: From Visualization to Action

    2. How the Government of Indonesia is using the SFD

  latest news