Santa Cruz de la Serria Metropolitan Area (SCMA) is the second largest urban area in Bolivia. It is a major economic centre in Bolivia. There are approximately 1.9 million inhabitants in SCMA. The city is considered to be one of the fastest growing cities in the world. Santa Cruz is located in eastern Bolivia on the Pirai Riva at an altitude of 416 m above sea level. SCMA has a tropical savanna climate, with an average annual temperature around 23°C. 49% of the populations’ excreta discharge directly to sewers. Of this, only 80% (or 39% of the populations’ excreta) is considered to reach a wastewater treatment plant due to leakage from the sewers. A total of 30% of all wastewater is considered as treated. 46% of the population are reliant on onsite sanitation systems, with a majority using septic tanks connected to a soak pit (35%). 5% of the population have no access to sanitation systems and practice open defecation.


Keywords
Santa Cruz; Bolivia; SFD; report

Preview Image SFD

  download at susana.org


Author(s)
Furlong, C.


Published in: 2016

Pages: 22


Publisher
Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

  • How to prepare a SFD or a Shit Flow Diagram?

    Watch the video on how to prepare an SFD.


  • SFD Offline Graphic Generator

    You can now download SFD offline Graphic Generators for Windows and Mac.


  • SFD PI Update 5

    Check out the latest developments of SFD Promotion Initiative on the SuSanA Forum


  • SFD Manual - Volume 1 and 2 (version 2.0)

    SFD Manual (version 2.0) along with offline Graphic Generator now available.


  • SFD FAQ now available

    Check out the frequently asked questions on SFDs.


  latest news