Tikapur is a municipality of over 60,000 inhabitants (56,136, 2011 census), located on the right bank of the Karnali river in the Terai district of Kailali, far western region. It is a “new town” and was founded about 50 years ago and is composed of four main different socio-economic settings. There is a well-planned core-urban area in Ward 9, which is based on a master plan prepared in 1972, which allocated land for future infrastructure like roads, drinking, storm and waste water, health, education or electricity. In the eastern part of Ward 9 and 8, ex-bounded labourers from Tikapur have been allocated land and now form a dense settlement with access to the road network and electricity. Around this area, there are also illegal settlements of displaced people that have built their homes on municipal and land. They have no access to electricity nor proper sanitation and are in the process of negotiating their relocation.
In Tikapur, 98% of the residents are using on-site sanitation technologies, which are either pit latrines, septic tanks or biogas digesters. 2% of the population is still practicing open defecation. Tikapur does not have a sewer system.

- City context
- Service delivery context description
- Service Outcome
- Stakeholder engagement

The SFD was developed as part of the CSP of Tikapur. This process was done in collaboration and with the support of local stakeholders and experts in the field of urban sanitation in Tikapur. A draft SFD was produced and shared with relevant stakeholders at different workshops and meetings during 2016.


Keywords
SFD, Shit Flow Diagram

Preview Image SFD

  download at susana.org


Author(s)
Eawag-Sandec


Published in: 2018

Pages: 26


Publisher
Eawag

  • New SFD Report available from Tikapur, Nepal

    Find out more on the sanitation practices in Tikapur:

    98% on-site sanitation technologies (pit latrines, septic tanks, biogas digesters)

    2%  open defecation


  • Material of the Question & Answer session available

    Any questions about SFDs? Watch our recent Q&A session about SFDs 

    1. Presentation: The SFD Manual - a guide to content and process

    2. Presentation: The SFD Review Procedure

    3. Presentation: The SFD Helpdesk


  • Presentations about SFDs in Africa and Indonesia

    Watch the presentation with voice on SFDs in Africa and Indonesia

    1. SFDs in Africa: From Visualization to Action

    2. How the Government of Indonesia is using the SFD


  • Global call for SFDs – Nov. – Dec. 2017

    Where are you standing in the SFD process? 

    We would like to offer you extra support, so you can either start preparing or complete your SFD and have it ready to be used for your purpose.

    Submit your SFD until December, 15th 2017!


  • SFD: The Indonesian Case (video)

    Watch the video (full version) on how the SFD was introduced in Indonesia and why the Indonesian government sees it as a useful tool to improve urban sanitation!


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