Preview Image SFD

Author(s): Hassib, Y., Etemadi, H.
Published in: 2016
Pages: 36
Publisher: Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)


SFD Report - Kabul, Afghanistan

Kabul is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan, located in the eastern section of the country. According to a 2012 estimate, the population of the city was around 3,289,000. It was selected for the SFD program because it is a mega city with only 20% supplied with piped water and 60% informal dwellings. In Kabul it was estimated that 25% of excreta is managed safely while 75% of the excreta ends up directly in the environment without adequate treatment.

This Shit Flow Diagram (SFD) Report was created through desk-based research by GIZ as part of the SFD Promotion Initiative.

Date of production: 16/05/2016
Last update: 11/08/2016

SFD; Shit Flow Diagram; excreta disposal; sewers; sanitation; faecal sludge management