Preview Image SFD

Author(s): Shrestha, J., Shrestha, R.
Published in: 2018
Pages: 43
Publisher: Environment and Public Health Organization (ENPHO), Kathmandu, Nepal


SFD Report - Itahari, Nepal SFD Promotion Initiative

Itahari Sub-Metropolitan is the largest city in Sunsari District located in the Province No.1 of south-eastern Nepal.
The total population was 1,40,517 living in 33,794 households extended in the area of 93.78 square kilometres and the population growth rate is 6.23.

The sub-metropolitan does not have municipal sewer network, thus every household rely on onsite sanitation system. No open defecation is practised, but only 9 % of the faecal sludge is managed safely. Traditional manual scavenging is predominant means of emptying while demand for mechanized emptying is increasing in the core city areas. No faecal sludge treatment facility does not exist and the sludge from manually emptied containments is dumped in a pit on the land owned by household’s whose containment have been emptied.