Preview Image SFD

Author(s): CWIS TA Hub & ENPHO
Published in: 2019
Pages: 8
Publisher: City-Wide Inclusive Sanitation Technical Assistance Hub (CWIS TA Hub, South Asia); Environment and Public Health Organization (ENPHO)


SFD Lite Report - Madhyapur Thimi Municipality, Nepal

Madhyapur Thimi Municipality is located in Bhaktapur district in Province no.3 of Nepal, consisting of 9 wards. The total population of the municipality is 83,036 residing in 20,302 households. Combined sewers are predominantly found in Madhyapur Thimi Municipality, followed by lined tanks with impermeable walls and open bottom, lined pits with semi-permeable walls and open bottom with no outlet and fully lined tanks with no outlet or overflow. There is no standard design guidelines for the construction of containments in Madhyapur Thimi Municipality. Both manual (50%) and mechanical emptying (50%) were found prevalent. Despite having a huge coverage of sewer system, the municipality lacks treatment facilities for treating wastewater and faecal sludge. All the wastewater, supernatant and emptied faecal sludge gets finally discharged in Hanumante River.

SFD; Shit Flow Diagram; excreta disposal; sewers; sanitation; faecal sludge management; septic tank;