Preview Image SFD

Author(s): CWIS TA Hub & ENPHO
Published in: 2019
Pages: 8
Publisher: City-Wide Inclusive Sanitation Technical Assistance Hub (CWIS TA Hub, South Asia); Environment and Public Health Organization (ENPHO)


SFD Lite Report - Chandragiri Municipality, Nepal

Chandragiri Municipality is located in Kathmandu District in Province No. 3 of Nepal with a total population of 85,198 residing in 20,532 households. The main sources of drinking water in Chandragiri Municipality are public taps, household bores and wells. Majority of the households are dependent on public water supply. The majority of the population use lined tanks with impermeable walls and open bottom followed by the user interface directly connected to the sewer system, lined pits with semi-permeable walls and open bottom with no outlet or overflow and fully lined tanks. The emptying frequency widely varies since there is no standard design guidelines for the construction of containments in Chandragiri Municipality. The municipality lacks treatment plant for treating wastewater or faecal sludge. Manually emptied faecal sludge is disposed untreated by the household member or labour themselves in their household premises or in a field. All the wastewater and emptied faecal sludge gets finally discharged in Balkhu and Bolambu Rivers and other rivers of Kathmandu valley. The SFD has shown that 99% of the excreta generated are unsafely managed and 1% are safely managed.