SFD Lite Report - Gokarneshwor Municipality, Nepal
Gokarneshwor Municipality is located in Kathmandu District in Province No. 3 of Nepal. The municipality consists of 9 wards with the total population of 107,351 people residing in 27,106 households. Majority of the population are dependent on public taps as the main source of drinking water. The remaining population are dependent on spring water, tap water (bore water) and wells. Most of the population in Gokarneshwor Municipality are dependent on offsite sanitation system comprising centralized combined sewer system and decentralised combined sewer. Onsite sanitation systems installed in the municipality include: lined tanks with impermeable walls and open bottom, fully lined tanks and pits (all types) never emptied but abandoned when full and covered with soil, no outlet or overflow. Even though it is mandatory to have a septic tank to get building permission, the municipality lacks standard design guidelines for the construction of containments. The centralized Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) is located in the Guheswori, Kathmandu Metropolitan city ward no.8 close to the bank of Bagmati River. As shown in the SFD graphic, 73% of all the excreta generated are safely managed and 27% are unsafely managed.
SFD; shit flow diagram; excreta flow;