Preview Image SFD

Author(s): CWIS TA Hub & ENPHO
Published in: 2020
Pages: 8
Publisher: City-Wide Inclusive Sanitation Technical Assistance Hub (CWIS TA Hub, South Asia); Environment and Public Health Organization (ENPHO)


SFD Lite Report - Suryabinayak Municipality, Nepal

Suryabinayak Municipality is located in Bhaktapur District in Province No. 3 of Nepal. It consists of 10 wards with the total population of 113,471 people residing in 19,179 households. The majority (74%) of the households are dependent on piped water facility, 8% of the households rely on spring water and the remaining 18% are dependent on their own sources such as tap water (bore water) and wells. 41% of the population are dependent on the sewer system followed by people using lined tanks with impermeable walls and open bottom and fully lined tanks. Even though it is mandatory to have a standard septic tank to get building permission, the municipality lacks standard design guidelines for the construction of containments. There is no any treatment facilities for treating wastewater and faecal sludge in Suryabinayak Municipality. Manually emptied faecal sludge is disposed by the household member or labour themselves in their household premises or in field. Whereas, all the wastewater and emptied faecal sludge gets finally discharged in Hanumante River and other rivers of Kathmandu valley. 88% of the excreta generated are unsafely managed and 12% are safely managed.

SFD; shit flow diagram; excreta flow;