Kabul is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan, located in the eastern section of the country. According to a 2012 estimate, the population of the city was around 3,289,000. It was selected for the SFD program because it is a mega city with only 20% supplied with piped water and 60% informal dwellings. In Kabul it was estimated that 21% of excreta is managed safely while 79% of the excreta ends up directly in the environment without adequate treatment.

This Shit Flow Diagram (SFD) Report was created through desk-based research by GIZ as part of the SFD Promotion Initiative.

Date of production: 16/05/2016
Last update: 11/08/2016


Keywords
SFD; Shit Flow Diagram; excreta disposal; sewers; sanitation; faecal sludge management

Preview Image SFD

  download at susana.org


Author(s)
Hassib, Y., Etemadi, H.


Published in: 2016

Pages: 36


Publisher
Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)

  • Online course by CSE in July 2018

    The Centre for Science and Environment is launching an online course on the preparation of Shit Flow Diagrams (SFDs). You can find out more on their website and apply by June 10th.


  • SFD PI Update 7

    Live Q&A, training events, reports, publications... - Check out the latest developments of the SFD Promotion Initiative on the SuSanA Forum


  • New SFD Report available from Patna, India

    Check out how the city of Patna, located at the Southern banks of river Ganga, manages its sanitation!

    Read its new SFD Report!


  • New SFD Report available from Tikapur, Nepal

    Find out more on the sanitation practices in Tikapur:

    98% on-site sanitation technologies (pit latrines, septic tanks, biogas digesters)

    2%  open defecation


  • Material of the Question & Answer session available

    Any questions about SFDs? Watch our recent Q&A session about SFDs 

    1. Presentation: The SFD Manual - a guide to content and process

    2. Presentation: The SFD Review Procedure

    3. Presentation: The SFD Helpdesk


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