Veses, O., Evans, B., Peal, A., Dinku, H., 2016
SFD Report - Axum, Ethiopia
SFD Promotion Initiative

Axum is located in the Tigray region in the northern tip of the Ethiopian Plateau. The town is 1,041km away from the capital, Addis Ababa, with a population of 46,887. The number of Open Defecation …

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Various authors, 2015
Proof of concept of estimates for the unsafe return of human excreta to the environment
Various documents on results from research grant

This library entry contains background documents for a grant that Pete Kolsky and James Bartram are leading and which is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Further information is …

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Roeder, L., 2015
SFD Report - Nashik, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

The city of Nashik is located in the northwest of the state of Maharashtra in the Western Ghats at the source of the Godavari River. As per Census 2011 Nashik has a total population of just under 1.5 …

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Various authors, 2015
Development and dissemination of fecal sludge management toolkit for investors, planners and consultants
Various documents on results from research grant

This library entry contains background documents for a grant that Thammarat Koottatep is leading and which is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. The purpose of the project is to …

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Ulbrich, T., 2015
Technical Feasibility of decentralised Greywater Treatment Units to improve Sanitation in peri-urban Areas of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Following the global development of large cities, Ulaanbaatar, capital of Mongolia, is currently facing the challenges that evolve from urbanisation. Informal settlements (‘ger areas’) are rapidly …

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Various authors, 2015
Theoretical and practical advantages to applying performance-based payment structures for sanitation service delivery
Various documents on results from research grant

This library entry contains background documents for a grant that Sujatha Srinivasan is leading and which is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. The purpose of this project is to …

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Schoebitz, Lars; Niwagaba, Charles B.; Strande, Linda, 2016
SFD Report - Kampala, Uganda
SFD Promotion Initiative

Kampala is the capital and most populated city in Uganda, with a population of 1,507,080. The total area of the city is 178 km². In line with rapid urbanization, approximately 60% of …

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Furlong, C., Luthra, B., Rodrigues, C., Salian, P., Veses, O., 2016
How to prepare an excreta flow diagram (SFD)
SFD Promotion Initiative, 39th WEDC conference, Kumasi, Ghana - July 2016

This presentation was held at the 39th WEDC conference in Kumasi, Ghana in July 2016 by the SFD Promotion Initiative. The objective of the session was to introduce the tools available for SFD …

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Hassib, Y., Etemadi, H., 2016
SFD Report - Kabul, Afghanistan
SFD Promotion Initiative

Kabul is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan, located in the eastern section of the country. According to a 2012 estimate, the population of the city was around 3,289,000. It was selected for …

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Raj, S., Mehta, D., Evans, B., et al., 2016
SFD Exchange Meeting - its use and potential in the sanitation sector
Presentation from the SFD Exchange Meeting at World Water Week 2016 in Stockholm, Sweden

The SFD Promotion Initiative has been working over the past year to develop a consistent method and the tools for producing excreta flow diagrams, the SFD (also called Shit Flow Diagrams). SFD is a …

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Furlong, C., Mensah, A., Donkor, J., Scott, R., 2016
Learnings from implementing the excreta flow diagram (SFD) process in Kumasi

Abstract: Excreta, Faecal or Shit Flow Diagrams (SFDs) are away to clearly represent how excreta flows along the sanitation service chain. This approach has already gaines popularity and many SFDs …

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Fernández-Martínes, L., 2016
Using the Shit/Excreta Flow Diagrams (SFDs) for modelling future scenarios in Kumasi, Ghana
A research project submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of Science of Loughborough University

The high population density of the cities does not allow families to safely abandon onsite sanitation facilities. This creates a need for a sanitation service chain to safely manage feacal waste. …

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Peal, A., Evans, B., Blackett, I., Hawkins, P., Heymans, C., 2015
A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities - Annex A.7 Dhaka, Bangladesh
Unpublished Report (Final Draft)

Excerpt from the report 'A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities’ by The World Bank - Water and Sanitation Program. The full report examines global trends in FSM using 12 city case studies …

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Peal, A., Evans, B., Blackett, I., Hawkins, P., Heymans, C., 2015
A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities - Annex A.10 Palu, Indonesia
Unpublished Report (Final Draft)

Excerpt from the report 'A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities’ by The World Bank - Water and Sanitation Program. The full report examines global trends in FSM using 12 city case studies …

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Furlong, C., 2016
SFD Report - Kisumu City, Kenya
SFD Promotion Initiative

Kisumu is the principal city of western Kenya and the third largest city in Kenya. It covers an approximate area of 297 km2 and sits on the shores of Lake Victoria. The city is divided into two …

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Rohilla, S.; Luthra, B.; Varma, R.; Padhi, S., 2015
SFD Report - Tumkur, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Tumkur (also known as Tumakuru) is located along the Pune-Bangalore National Highway N°4. The sewerage network covers half of the population, but there is also a high dependence on septic tanks, …

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Rohilla, S.; Luthra, B.; Varma, R.; Padhi, S., 2015
SFD Report - Solapur, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Solapur is located on the south-eastern border of Maharashtra State. The population of the city is 951,118 persons. One-fifth of city’s population depends on public toilets while septic tanks and …

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Hassib, Y., 2015
SFD Report - Yei, South Sudan
SFD Promotion Initiative

Providing water and sanitation to Yei population is one of the concerns of the government, considering that around 60% of the households use pit latrines with minimal stability, mud floor and low …

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Gunawan, A., Schoebitz, L., Strande, L., 2015
SFD Report - Khulna, Bangladesh
SFD Promotion Initiative

Khulna is located in the south-western part of Bangladesh, with a population of 1.5 million and a total area of 46 km2. Its National policy and strategy documents encourage both NGOs and the private …

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Harada, H., Schoebitz, L., Strande, L., 2015
SFD Report - Nonthaburi, Thailand
SFD Promotion Initiative

Nonthaburi City Municipality is the principal city of Nonthaburi province, located to the north of Bangkok. It has a registered population of 256,457 in the area of 38.9 km2 (NCM 2015a). Most of the …

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Harada, H., Schoebitz, L., Strande, L., 2015
SFD Report - Danang, Vietnam
SFD Promotion Initiative

Danang is located at the South Central Coast of Vietnam. It is the fourth most populated city in the country with approximately 1,007,400 inhabitants in 2014 (GSO 2015). The total land area of the …

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Peal, A., Evans, B., Blackett, I., Hawkins, P., Heymans, C., 2015
A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities - Annex A.1 Santa Cruz, Bolivia
Unpublished Report (Final Draft)

Excerpt from the report 'A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities’ by The World Bank - Water and Sanitation Program. The full report examines global trends in FSM using 12 city case studies …

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Peal, A., Evans, B., Blackett, I., Hawkins, P., Heymans, C., 2015
A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities - Annex A.2 Tegucigalpa, Honduras
Unpublished Report (Final Draft)

Excerpt from the report 'A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities’ by The World Bank - Water and Sanitation Program. The full report examines global trends in FSM using 12 city case studies …

  more information & download

Peal, A., Evans, B., Blackett, I., Hawkins, P., Heymans, C., 2015
A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities - Annex A.3 Managua, Nicaragua
Unpublished Report (Final Draft)

Excerpt from the report 'A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities’ by The World Bank - Water and Sanitation Program. The full report examines global trends in FSM using 12 city case studies …

  more information & download

Peal, A., Evans, B., Blackett, I., Hawkins, P., Heymans, C., 2015
A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities - Annex A.4 Maputo, Mozambique
Unpublished Report (Final Draft)

Excerpt from the report 'A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities’ by The World Bank - Water and Sanitation Program. The full report examines global trends in FSM using 12 city case studies …

  more information & download

Peal, A., Evans, B., Blackett, I., Hawkins, P., Heymans, C., 2015
A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities - Annex A.5 Dakar, Senegal
Unpublished Report (Final Draft)

Excerpt from the report 'A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities’ by The World Bank - Water and Sanitation Program. The full report examines global trends in FSM using 12 city case studies …

  more information & download

Peal, A., Evans, B., Blackett, I., Hawkins, P., Heymans, C., 2015
A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities - Annex A.6 Kampala, Uganda
Unpublished Report (Final Draft)

Excerpt from the report 'A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities’ by The World Bank - Water and Sanitation Program. The full report examines global trends in FSM using 12 city case studies …

  more information & download

Peal, A., Evans, B., Blackett, I., Hawkins, P., Heymans, C., 2015
A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities - Annex A.8 Delhi, India
Unpublished Report (Final Draft)

Excerpt from the report 'A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities’ by The World Bank - Water and Sanitation Program. The full report examines global trends in FSM using 12 city case studies …

  more information & download

Peal, A., Evans, B., Blackett, I., Hawkins, P., Heymans, C., 2015
A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities - Annex A.9 Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Unpublished Report (Final Draft)

Excerpt from the report 'A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities’ by The World Bank - Water and Sanitation Program. The full report examines global trends in FSM using 12 city case studies …

  more information & download

Peal, A., Evans, B., Blackett, I., Hawkins, P., Heymans, C., 2015
A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities - Annex A.11 Dumaguete, Philippines
Unpublished Report (Final Draft)

Excerpt from the report 'A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities’ by The World Bank - Water and Sanitation Program. The full report examines global trends in FSM using 12 city case studies …

  more information & download

Peal, A., Evans, B., Blackett, I., Hawkins, P., Heymans, C., 2015
A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities - Annex A.12 Manila, Philippines
Unpublished Report (Final Draft)

Excerpt from the report 'A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities’ by The World Bank - Water and Sanitation Program. The full report examines global trends in FSM using 12 city case studies …

  more information & download

CSE, 2015
SFD Executive Summary Srikakulam India
Draft

Srikakulam is located in the state of Andhra Pradesh and is an important administrative and commercial center. The population of city is 133,911 persons. Lack of sewerage network, sewage treatment …

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CSE, 2015
SFD Executive Summary Cuttack India
Draft

Cuttack lies in the east coast plains of India; it is the capital and one of the oldest cities of Odisha. Population of the city reaches 606,007 persons, who are mainly dependent on malfunctioning …

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CSE, 2015
SFD Executive Summary Aizawl India
Draft

Aizawl is the capital of Mizoram State located in the east of the Himalayan region of India. The density of the city, 2,823 persons per sq. km, is higher compared to state average, 52 persons per sq. …

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Hassib, Y., Roeder, L., 2015
SFD Report - Moshi, Tanzania
SFD Promotion Initiative

Moshi municipality is an administrative district in Kilimanjaro province whose population has growth from less than 10,000 to 185, 000 residents. The majority of households depend on on-site …

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Roeder, L., 2016
SFD Report - Kochi, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

The city of Kochi (also known as 'Cochin') is the touristic and economic capital of the state of Kerala located in the south-west region of India. The municipal boundary of the Corporation Cochin …

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Furlong, C., Mensah, A., 2015
SFD Report - Kumasi, Ghana
SFD Promotion Initiative

Kumasi is the second largest city in Ghana and lies in the Ashanti Region in the south of the country (Adarkwa, 2011). The city covers approximately 254 sq. km. It has an approximately population of …

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Furlong, C., 2015
SFD Report - Nakuru, Kenya
SFD Promotion Initiative

Nakuru is the fourth largest town in Kenya, lying within the Rift Valley and covering an area of 290 km2. Less than 30% of the population is served by the sewerage network, while the majority of the …

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Rohilla, S., Luthra, B., Varma, R., Padhi, S., 2015
SFD Report - Srikakulam, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Srikakulam is a coastal city located in the state of Andhra Pradesh (AP). It is the district headquarters and is an important administrative and commercial centre. It is one of the oldest …

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Rohilla, S., Luthra, B., Varma, R., Padhi, S., 2015
SFD Report - Aizawl, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Aizawl, capital of Mizoram state, lies in east Himalayan region of India. It is the largest city of the state. Area under municipal council, which is 103.93 sq.km, has been chosen for the study. …

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Rohilla, S., Luthra, B., Varma, R., Padhi, S., 2015
SFD Report - Cuttack, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Cuttack city, lies in east coast plains of India, is the former capital and one of the oldest cities of Odisha, established in 1876 as municipality. It is the district headquarter and is situated at …

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Rohilla, S.; Luthra, B.; Varma, R.; Padhi, S., 2016
SFD Report - Bikaner, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Sixty-four percent of Bikaner’s city (population of 644,406 people) depends on offsite systems, 31% depends on onsite sanitation systems (OSS), mainly septic tanks, while 5% of population practices …

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Rohilla, S.; Luthra, B.; Varma, R.; Padhi, S., 2016
SFD Report - Gwalior, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Gwalior is a historical city in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. There is sewerage network covering around 80% of the population. In spite having good sewerage network within the city only 19% of …

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Rohilla, S.; Luthra, B.; Varma, R.; Padhi, S., 2016
SFD Report - Agra, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Agra, the former capital of India is a city on the banks of the river Yamuna in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. There is sewerage network which covers half of the population. Rest of the city is …

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Rohilla, S.; Luthra, B.; Varma, R.; Padhi, S., 2016
SFD Report - Tiruchirappalli, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Tiruchirappalli, also known as Trichy, is one of the largest cities in Tamil Nadu and is known as an important trade, education and pilgrimage centre. The population of city as per the 2011 Census is …

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Brandes, K., Schoebitz, L., Kimwaga, R., Strande, L., 2015
SFD Report - Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
SFD Promotion Initiative

Dar es Salaam lies on the coast of the Indian Ocean and is the largest city and economic hub of Tanzania (DCC, 2004). The 2015 population is estimated to have reached more than 5 million inhabitants …

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Rohilla, S.; Luthra, B.; Varma, R.; Padhi, S.; Yadav, A., 2016
SFD Report - Dewas, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Dewas city is located on the Malwa plateau of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is headquarters of the Dewas district. The population of city as per the 2011 Census is …

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Rohilla, S.; Luthra, B.; Varma, R.; Padhi, S.; Yadav, A., 2016
SFD Report - Delhi, India

Delhi is the capital of India. It is officially known as the National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi. The population of NCT of Delhi as per the Census 2011 is 16,787,941. The …

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Brandes, K., Schoebitz, L., Nguyen, V.-A., Strande, L., 2016
SFD Report - Hanoi, Vietnam
SFD Promotion Initiative

Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, is located in the Northern part of the country in the Red river delta. The urban districts cover an area of 304 km² with an estimated population of 3,147,000 …

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Ndounla, Juliette; Schoebitz, Lars; Sonko, El hadji Mamadou; Strande, Linda, 2016
SFD Report - Bignona, Senegal
SFD Promotion Initiative

Bignona and Tenghory Trans-Gambian are in the region of Casamance, Senegal. The study area is comprised of seven districts (six in Bignona, one is the neighboring district ofTenghory Trans-Gambian in …

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Cross, X.; Buckley, C., 2016
SFD Report - Durban, South Africa
SFD Promotion Initiative

The city of Durban is managed by the eThekwini Municipality, which covers a wider area including 55% urban and 45% rural sectors. In 2015 the population was estimated from projections of the last …

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Roeder, L., 2016
SFD Report (draft) - Tirupati, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Tirupati is situated in Chittoor district in the southern of the state of Andhra Pradesh with a total population of just under 375,000. The town is a pilgrimage center and attracts a total diurnal …

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Furlong, Claire, 2016
SFD Report - Hawassa, Ethiopia
SFD Promotion Initiative

Hawassa is the capital of the Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s Region in Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Central Statistical Agency estimates that the population of Hawassa is 351,469 and it has …

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Furlong, C., 2016
SFD Report - Lima, Peru
SFD Promotion Initiative

Lima the capital of Peru and the third largest city in Latin America covering an area of 2,700 km2. Metropolitan Lima consists of the Province of Lima and the Constitutional Province of Callao and is …

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Furlong, C., 2016
SFD Report - Dhaka, Bangladesh
SFD Promotion Initiative

Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, is one of world's most populated cities. ‘Dhaka City’ is defined in this report as the areas under the jurisdiction of the two Dhaka City Corporations. They cover …

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Veses, O., Evans, B., Peal, A., Dinku, H., 2016
SFD Report - Bishoftu, Ethiopia
SFD Promotion Initiative

Axum is located in the state of Oromia, Ethiopia, approximately 47 km south east of Addis Ababa. Its topography is undulating and characterized by flat land on the north and east parts of the city, …

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Veses, O., Evans, B., Peal, A., Dinku, H., 2016
SFD Report - Bure, Ethiopia
SFD Promotion Initiative

Bure is located 400 km north of the capital Addis Ababa and 148 km south west of Bahir Dar and is within the Amhara State, Western Gojjam Administrative Zone of Ethiopia. It has a total urban …

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Furlong, C., 2016
SFD Report - Santa Cruz, Bolivia
SFD Promotion Initiative

Santa Cruz de la Serria Metropolitan Area (SCMA) is the second largest urban area in Bolivia. It is a major economic centre in Bolivia. There are approximately 1.9 million inhabitants in SCMA. The …

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Veses, O. et al., 2016
SFD Report - Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
SFD Promotion Initiative

Bahir Dar is a city located northwest Ethiopia with a tropical savannah climate. According to the Town Administration, the population is 318,429 people, where 85% live in the urban and 15% in the …

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Veses O. et al., 2016
SFD Report - Holleta, Ethiopia
SFD Promotion Initiative

Holleta is an Ethiopian city located in the Oromia region at a distance of 35 Km from Addis Ababa, lying between levations of 2,320 and 2,460 meters above sea level. The average rainfall in Holleta …

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